Instruction for Authors

All manuscripts should be prepared in Microsoft Word and sent as e-mail attachment to Dr Stephen Ojo [E-Mail: and also CC:]. By submitting an article, the author certifies that the work is original and that it has not been published elsewhere or being considered simultaneously by another publisher. Papers should normally be 4,000 – 8,000 words in length. This includes references and appendices but excludes Tables and Figures. However, in exceptional circumstances, extended papers would be welcomed where it is necessary for the paper to draw on wider literature than the usual papers. Authors are requested to state in their covering letter how many words their paper contains.

The manuscript must be in English, typed in double spacing using font 12 of the Times New Roman format, with a 4 cm margin on the left-hand side and 2.5 cm on other sides. The first page of the manuscript should be the title page, bearing the author(s)’ full name, institutional affiliation and e-mail address. Where multiple authors are involved, the corresponding author should be made clear using a footnote on the title page. The paper from page 2 should bear the manuscript title, an abstract and up to five keywords for the purposes of indexing. The abstract must not exceed 200 words and must precede the introduction. The abstract should be clear and informative, giving an indication of the scope of and results contained in the paper. Metric units should be used; if other units are used then metric equivalents should be given in parentheses.

The Review Process

Each paper will be reviewed by an editor from the relevant discipline and, if it is adjudged suitable for this publication, it will then be sent to at least two independent referees for double blind peer review. Based on their recommendation, as well as consultation between relevant Editorial Board members the editors will then decide whether the paper should be accepted as it is, revised or rejected.

Final submission

Authors should note that proofs are not supplied prior to publication. The revised manuscript following the peer review process will be considered to be the definitive version of the article. The author must ensure that it is complete, grammatically correct and without spelling or typographical errors.


Tables should be typed using font 10 of the Times New Roman format and included at the end of the manuscript. Tables should not be included in the main body of the text. They should be referred to in the text as ‘Insert Table 1 here’ and the actual tables and information should be included at the end of the paper, numbered in the order they will appear in the text as ‘Table 1′ Table 2′ etc.


Illustrations must accompany the manuscript but should not be included in the text. Black-and-white figures, diagrams, photographs and charts should be referred to as ‘Figure 1′, ‘Figure 2′ etc. They should be numbered in the order in which they are referred to in the text, and presented one per page. No colour should be used. Illustrations should be submitted in a form ready for reproduction. Figures will normally be reduced in size on reproduction and authors should draw with this in mind.


References to other publications must be in Harvard style and carefully checked for completeness, accuracy and consistency. You should cite publications in the text: (e.g. Ogunba, 2013) using author’s surname for a single-authored article or (Ogunba and Ojo, 2013) citing both names for an article by two authors, or (Ogunba et al., 2014), when there are three or more authors. At the end of the paper a reference list in alphabetical order should be supplied:

Footnotes should normally be avoided except on the title page where it is used to identify the corresponding author. Where end-notes are necessary, they should be placed at the end of the text and numbered consecutively.