Comparative study of state and federal governments' site and services schemes in housing delivery in Ilorin, Nigeria
The study made a comparative study of state and federal government's site and services schemes in Ilorin, Nigeria. Both primary and secondary data were used for the study. Multi-stage and purposive sampling methods were adopted in administering questionnaire. Obanisunwa (federal) and Transit Camp (state) estates were purposively selected. All fully developed plots were purposively selected together with 40% of uncompleted/undeveloped plots in the estates. In all, 719 plots, comprising 340 (104 completed buildings and 240 uncompleted/undeveloped plots) in Transit Camp, and 379 (15 completed buildings and 364 uncompleted/undeveloped plots) in Obanisunwa schemes respectively, were sampled for questionnaire administration. Only 554 copies of the questionnaire administered were correctly filled, returned and used for analysis. Findings revealed that Obanisunwa estate was better rated than Transit Camp in terms of: plot allocation process (96.0% : 30.1%); allocation of plots to target groups (90.5% : 29.0%);and, land title document process (87.3% :29.6%); while Transit Camp estate was better rated than Obanisunwa in terms of: nature of management style (48.0% : 39.7%); satisfaction with level of maintenance of the estate (49.8% : 19.29%); level of development within the estate (51.7% : 19.2%); and level of plot development in terms of fully developed plots (32.8% : 6.3%). t-tests revealed that there was significant differences between the state and federal site and services schemes in the city ( = 0.177). It was concluded that although the two site and services schemes have failed to bring about significant increase in the housing stock in the city, the state's scheme fared better than the federal government's scheme. Strategies were proposed to enhance performance of site and services schemes in the city.